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Biodiversity - General Information


There are eleven basic measures in REPS, which are compulsory. To achieve increased biodiversity at farm level, enhancement of the eleven basic measures was desirable. By providing farmers with a choice from a series of optional undertakings, each farmer was given the opportunity to select the works most appropriate to the environmental or landscape features of the farm.

Scheme applicants were required to undertake a minimum of two biodiversity options, with at least one coming from Category 1.


  • Traditional Hay Meadows;
  • Species Rich Grassland;
  • Use of Clover in Swards;
  • Creation of New Habitat;
  • Establish Farm Woodland;
  • Coppicing of Hedgerows;
  • Laying of Hedgerows;
  • Plant New Hedgerows;
  • Additional Stonewall Maintenance;
  • Traditional Irish Orchards;
  • Install Bird Boxes;
  • Green Cover Establishment;
  • Environmental Management of Set-aside;
  • Increased Arable Margins;
  • Low Input Spring Cereals;
  • Minimum Tillage Crops.


  • Traditional Hay Meadows;
  • Species Rich Grassland;
  • Use of Trailing Shoe;
  • Control of Invasive Species;
  • Increased Watercourse Margin;
  • Exclude all Bovine Access to Watercourses;
  • Use of Planted Buffer Zones;
  • Broadleaved Tree Planting;
  • Nature Corridors;
  • Increase in Archaeological Buffer Zones;
  • Establish Traditional Irish Orchards;
  • Install bird or bat boxes;
  • Green Cover Establishment;
  • Increased Arable Margins;
  • Minimum-Tillage.

All undertakings included in the farmer's REPS plan must be implemented for a minimum period of five years.