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Porcine Semen

  1. Council Directive 90/429/EEC establishes the general animal health conditions for the import into the territory of the EU of porcine semen. It also lays down the conditions for approval of semen collection and storage centres.
  1. This Directive describes the animal health principles on which importation is based, and the requirements to be fulfilled by a non-EU country to be authorised to export porcine semen in particular in relation to:

    • The health status of livestock, of other domestic animals and wildlife of the non-EU country
    • The regularity and rapidity of information on infectious animal diseases provided by the non-EU country to the Commission and the OIE
    • The country's rules on the prevention and control of animal diseases
    • The organisation, structure, competence and power of the veterinary services
    • The organization and implementation of measures to prevent and control contagious animal diseases
    • The guarantees which the non-EU country can give with regard to compliance with the Directive

1. Porcine semen must be produced in accordance with the rules laid down in Council Directive 90/429/EEC.

2. The list of non-EU countries, territories or parts thereof authorised for the export of porcine semen are laid down in Commission Decision 2012/137/EU.

3. Imports must also only come from an approved semen collection centre within these approved countries.                                                                                                                         

4. Commission Decision 2012/137/EU lays down the transport conditions for consignments of porcine semen including that:

  • The semen shall not be transported in the same container as other consignments of semen that are:
    • not intended for introduction into the Union
    • are of a lower health status

5. The semen shall be placed in closed and sealed containers and the seal shall not be broken during transport.

  1. Consignments of porcine semen from third countries must be accompanied by a health certificate, which conforms to the model as laid down in Commission Decision 2012/137/EU, which is signed by an official veterinarian or inspector of the veterinary authority in the country of origin.

  2. The model Health Certificate for porcine semen can be found in Annex II of Directive 2012/137/EU:

1. Consignments of germinal products entering the EU must be inspected at an EU-approved Border Control Post (BCP) where Member States' official veterinarians ensure they fulfil all the requirements provided for in EU legislation.

2. The operator responsible for the consignment must give the BCP at the intended point of entry advance notification of the arrival of the consignment.

3. There is a required minimum pre-notification notice period of at least 24 hours’ notice in advance of the consignment’s arrival.

4. Failure to submit correct documentation within this timeline may result in significant delays in the consignment being processed through the Border Control Post.

5. Pre-notification is given by the submission of Part 1 of the Common Health Entry Document (CHED-P), as is laid down in Commission Implementing Regulation (EC) No. 2019/1715, through the online TRACES NT system.

6. Other supporting documentation associated with the consignment should be submitted at this time as well - such as the health certificate, invoice, packing list, bill etc.

  1. Providing all the documentation has been submitted correctly and within the correct timeframes, a large proportion of the documentary check can be commenced in advance of the consignment’s arrival. This includes examination of the veterinary certificate and other documents accompanying a consignment.
    • Please note the original hard copy of the health certificate must travel with the consignment, and will be checked and held at the BCP at the point of entry into the EU.
  2. Provided all is in order with the documentary check, the consignment will then be subject to an identity check at the BCP to ensure it identifies with the consignment that was declared in the documentation.

  3. A proportion of consignments will be selected for a full physical inspection with/without sampling as appropriate.

  4. Upon satisfactory completion of the required checks, the decision is entered in Part 2 of the CHED which must accompany the consignment to the first place of destination referred to in the CHED.

  5. If the consignment does not meet the import requirements, the consignment may be rejected and either re-exported or destroyed.