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The Department continues to work closely with the Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government (DEHLG) on bio-diversity issues arising in relation to Departmental schemes etc., with the EU Communication regarding Halting the Loss of Biodiversity and with the UN Convention concerning Biological Diversity.

2010 was the International Year of Biodiversity. DAFF's activities in support of biodiversity include:

The Rural Environment Protection Scheme (REPS 4) contains an increased emphasis on biodiversity. In addition to the fundamental measures to protect and maintain habitats, water courses and hedgerows, REPS 4 contains supplementary measures designed to further support biodiversity and an expanded list of biodiversity options from which an applicant must choose to implement at least two options appropriate to the holding.

While REPS is now closed to new applicants two new Agri-Environment schemes were launched in 2010. The Agri-Environment Options and Natura Schemes are measures under Ireland's Rural Development Programme 2007-2013. The Schemes are jointly funded by the European Union and the national Exchequer.

The objectives of AEOS are to meet the challenges of conserving and promoting biodiversity, encouraging water management and water quality measures and combating climate change.

The objectives of the Natura 2000 scheme is to contribute to the positive environmental management of farmed natura 2000 sites and river catchments in the implementation of the Birds Directive (Council Directive) 79/409/EEC), the Habitats Directive (Council Directive 92/43/EEC)  and the Water Framework Directive (Council Directive 2000/60/EC).

AEOS/Natura will build upon the gains made in conservation since 1994 under REPS and will specifically target Natura 2000 sites and areas whose landscape and biodiversity have resulted from traditional farming methods.